Are you trying to find new ways to improve your memory, gain control over your emotions, and boost your ability to multitask?
A new brain scan study may be just the incentive you need to put yoga at the top of your to-do list.
Yoga is an art, a science and a philosophy that is more than 5,000 years old. It touches the life of humans at every level, physical, mental, and spiritual. It is a practical method for making one’s life purposeful, useful and noble. But it is more than that and that is why it has grown in popularity all over the world.
Even if you are not trying to be spiritual you will definitely benefit from yoga. And yoga can be practised by anybody regardless of age, body size. It is also safe for most diseases and illnesses and can be beneficial for those recovering from injuries.
CLEAR, STRONG MIND
Studies may have found a link between yoga’s movements, meditation and breathing practices and an increase in the size of key brain areas. Those areas are involved in thinking clearly, decision-making, memory and regulating emotions. Science may be leading us into the direction of yoga to being beneficial for healthy brain function.
Collectively, the studies pointed to a link between yoga and increased size in the brain’s hippocampus. Involved in memory and learning, the hippocampus shrinks with age and is the first part of the brain affected by Alzheimer’s and dementia.
KEEP CALM & DO YOGA
Yoga also appeared to expand the amygdala, a brain area involved in emotions; the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in planning and making choices; and the cingulate cortex, which plays an important part in regulating emotions, learning and memory.
Yoga practitioners were also found to fare better on mental performance tests, the study team observed.
In today’s busy and high pressure world, it is important to be able to control our emotions as this helps us to regulate and prevent stress. Yoga is a cure for negative emotions such as anxiety, anger and balances mood swings
FLEXIBLE, BALANCED BODY
Many of us under estimate the importance of stretching, it becomes more important as we grow older. Yoga focuses a lot on flexibility, balance and strength, especially of core muscles. This helps to improve our posture, which is important if you spend a lot of time seated at a desk. Stretching and flexibility and muscle strength prevent injuries such as lower back pains. Stretching and increased flexibility also relieves stress, which can be stored as chemical toxins in our muscles.
AFFORDABLE, FULL BODY EXERCISE
Anyone who does or has tried yoga will tell you that yoga is not easy. Yoga works all muscles, increases muscles strength and increases blood circulation. Most times all you need is a yoga mat. There are plenty free yoga videos on the Internet. A 30mins yoga session will burn around the same amount of calories as a 30mins fast-paced walk. There are also different kinds of yoga practices, some are more physically intense than others, making yoga a good all-round exercise routine for the very unfit to the very fit.
IMPROVED GENERAL HEALTH
Yoga has been scientifically proven to improve health all around. It improves the health of the heart by lowering blood pressure. High blood pressure is the leading cause of heart attacks and strokes. Increasingly, people are starting to develop diseases such as high blood pressure at younger ages. Yoga also decreases inflammation in the body, if left untreated, inflammation can eventually cause cancers.
Yoga improves the quality of sleep. Sleep is a very important aspect of a healthy body. A good amount of sleep a day is important for the body to heal itself and regenerate.
There is still a lot more research that is to be done to find out what it is about yoga that is causing these effects, it would be an easy guess that yoga combines both mind and body, and is thus able to activate numerous pathways.
There is this mentally that yoga is not for men, but it is important to know that Yoga is not for sissies. It is a serious discipline and within this concept is the significant physical and cognitive stimulation.
It is also something you would need to practice repeatedly to get into the swing of things just like any new habit you be introducing to your body. It may be something you enjoy or not but that can only be determined by practising repeatedly. Before you shut down the idea or thought of incorporating yoga to your routine think of the health benefits mentioned.
It is important to try find an activity that is physically and mentally stimulating. It also may not be something you start doing immediately but doing something research around it and its benefits may lead into the right direction and yoga may just be that activity for you.
Determining your skin type is the foundation of skin health for the long term. Skin is the biggest organ and needs special care in terms of products we use and what we eat. Once you have established your skin type, you can select the correct products and treatments. Incorrect products and treatments can aggravate existing conditions or cause irritation and sensitivity. When you have melanated skin, skin with melanin, you want to avoid causing irritations because melanin skin scars quickly and for longer. There are four skin types – normal, oily,dry and combination skin.
The normal skin type is one that isn’t common – especially amongst adults. The best way to describe it is a healthy and hydrated skin type.
- The pores are refined, almost invisible to the naked eye which means sebum (oil produced by oil glands in the skin) isn’t over active.
- With the sebum production under control, blemishes such as acne, black heads and whiteheads are generally not a concern.
- This type tends to appear radiant and youthful.
It is important to maintain your skin with some key skincare products even if imperfections are minimal. Moisturizers to maintain hydration, sunscreen to protect against ultraviolet damage as well as exfoliators and cleansers to remove debris and main the natural cell turnover.
Oily skin is due to over active sebum production which leaves skin oily and greasy throughout the day.
- This skin type will have visibly enlarged pores which not only produce the sebum but are also responsible for congestion.
- Black heads and whiteheads clog the pores and acne is a common concern for this skin type.
- Active acne can cause other conditions such as acne scarring, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (due the inflammation from the acne).
- Using a cleanser that deeply cleanses without stripping the skin’s barrier is essential.
- Look out for ingredients such as salicylic acid which, is oil soluble and helps to decongest oily congested skin and benzoyl peroxide which, has anti-bacterial properties which will help reduce acne causing bacteria.
Oily skin may be genetic, caused by hormones due to puberty or pregnancy.
Moisturizing skin is important as the oil does not hydrate the skin. Your skin needs both water and oil, sebum does not account for that hydration. Skipping a moisturizer on an only skin may actually cause an overproduction of sebum as your skin tries to compensate for the lack of hydration.
Lightweight moisturizers with ingredients such as hyaluronic acid are available for oily skin.
Dry skin has no oil production and appears dull and “tired”. The pores of this skin are barely visible and the dull appearance may be caused by the layer of dead skin sitting on the surface of the skin.
- Dry skin may be caused by genetics, environmental factors such as ultraviolet exposure, pollutants and wind as well as ageing – oil/lipid production may diminish with age.
- Incorrect use of skincare products such as exfoliators may also cause dryness.
- Dry skin can be managed by using humectants such as hyaluronic acid, glycerine, lipids and ceramides. These could all come in a heavier cream consistency or serum.
- Keeping the skin nourished and hydrated should always be the aim when you have dry skin to prevent sensitivities such as redness, rashes, flaking, peeling and contact dermatitis.
A combination skin type is one we see very often in the salon space. This skin type presents itself with characters of two skin types eg. Oily t-zone and normal or dry u-zone.
- Environmental factors may also affect this skin type, you may fine that your oily t-zone is less shiny in winter and your u zone goes from normal to dry.
- Hydration is still essential with this skin type irrespective of the composition.
- Target treatment may also be necessary e.g. you may need to apply a salicylic acid based serum on the oily t-zone to manage the oil production and congestion which you wouldn’t use on your dry u-zone.
A successful skin care routine and treatment journey can only happen once skin type is established. Irrespective of your skin type, don’t forget to keep hydrated and protected with SPF!
Only in South Africa has there been dialogue going back and forth regarding the contribution, or lack thereof, of coloured people during the recent Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement. Race is still a very important factor in South Africa. The race conversation is usually a black and white issue, although in South Africa, black includes Indians and Coloureds, the race issue always seems to be Africans and Caucasians. Africans, Indians and Coloureds hardly share views, including on the race issue, this became obvious on social media platforms during the BLM protests.
The BLM movement was first formed in 2013 by founders Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi and Patrisse Cullors, which was described as a network that was which an online platform that came to being to provide activists with a shared set of goals and principles. It is an American born network that has globally shared ideologies as the organization’s platform is described as “A Vision for Black Lives: Policy Demands for Black Power, Freedom and Justice”. It is fixed with six demands one of them being bringing an end to the war on black people. It has become a global movement over the years but is primarily based in the United States of America.
Truthfully, the war on black lives is an ongoing war experienced in all communities of the world where there are black people. It is challenging to imagine that such a war would also exist in African countries, but it does. The war on black bodies is not only limited to physical violence but to all social, political and economic aspects and opportunities, black people all over the world experience systemic and normalized exclusion. On the African continent, the war on black people would have to be defined differently, as it is mostly a war on black people, mostly by other black people, like in the case of xenophobia/afrophobia and our governments. However, the backdrop of this situation in Africa is the colonial structure and beliefs that still inform African politics and economics.
There is no doubt that even in societies like South Africa, where the majority of cops are black, brutality by government officials on black bodies exists, it exists more so between individuals. In the first month of the lockdown in South Africa, at least 11 black men were killed by police or the army. Unfortunately the outrage only manifested on social media platforms, there were no mass protests nor much of a response by government on the issue. Just as I am writing up this article, a news headline just popped up claiming that over 21 300 murders have occurred in South Africa between April 2019 and March 2020. The BLM movement does not necessarily focus on black on black crimes, although the media will claim that there are more black people killing one another than the police killing black people. The issue underlying BLM is the socio-economic conditions created by a racist political system that informs the experiences of black lives.
So George Floyd happened, and the black community ‘lost it’! George Floyd wasn’t a rare case, he was a statistic that accumulates daily in America. The difference is that his brutal death at the knee of a white police man was captured on video and spread through the media, perhaps because there was deafening noise about the way he was killed. Protests emerged over several metro cities in the United States, and the media took cover.
Floyd’s death sparked protests and advocacy for black lives uniting all peoples from all races in the US, as well as other cities across the globe, even during the time when many countries had restrictions due to the COVID19 pandemic. South Africa and Black Twitter were not silent either, and we witnessed most of the world engage in the #blackouttuesday social media protest.
In retrospect, an interesting aspect of the race issue in South Africa emerged. Many black South Africans took to social media about the lack of support during that period that came from the Coloured community. We need to bear in mind that most Coloured people in South Africa do not identify as black, for their own historical and political reasons and experiences, and the black community just needs to accept that. In the South African reality, we are two complete separate races, and this is based on the idea that although black people claim to not have any racial exclusions or ideas of separatism with the coloured community, the coloured community feels like they do, especially when it comes to political matters.
On social media platforms there was tension between the two, as black people argued that the Coloured community deliberately isolates itself when it comes to matters pertaining to race, whereas in other parts of the world, Coloured or mixed race people would be deemed as black. The argument is always that Coloured people seem to think that they are superior to black folks, claiming to be African but not black. The origin of that claim is too complex to be discussed here.
So it kicked off with a social media post from a black female, claiming that the silence of Coloured people during #blacklivesmatter was betrayal, and sure we’ve seen some posts from others claiming the silence during a protest means that you are siding with the oppressors, this goes for anyone. However, the Coloured community came flooding in to defend their community:
1 – It was highlighted that first of all, black South Africans needed to stop thinking that they were America, and that the BLM protests was an American initiative. The Coloured community came in numbers arguing that black people in South Africa were always in a position of privilege in this country, and therefore cannot share the same sentiments as black people in America who are a minority.
I can’t say I agree, in fact not at all, but my opinion is not the issue here, I am just reporting as it happened on social media.
2 – Secondly, the xenophobia/afrophobia argument came up., that black people are ‘racist’ against other black people. SOME black South Africans are always opinionated when it comes to foreign African nationals and their contribution to the South African economy. In most instances it is never in favour or in positive light, especially when they demand that these foreigners return back to their own countries. There are often random splurges of violence against foreign nationals by black people, mostly black people from impoverished communities, who feel as if their opportunities for work have been taken away because of the presence of African nationals. Some cry because of the social ills practiced by some foreign nationals in South Africa, claiming that these social ills are ruining the future generation, hence the on and off of xenophobic events.
I thought this was a valid point, one we need to ponder as black South Africans. How do we point a finger at the Coloured community but not look at how we treat fellow Africans?
3 – Thirdly, it was argued that Coloured people, together with the Indian community, are labeled as black under the South Africa constitution, however they are always sidelined when companies are adhering to BEE stipulations and rules. They continued to argue that black people only call on the Coloured community to join forces with them when it is convenient for them but are openly excluded in instances that could largely benefit black people. There were claims that were shared amongst SOME Coloured folks stating that they are too white to be black and too black to be white and as a result you will never hear of Coloured Lives Matter. It’s all such an interesting argument because if you look across the global map everything with a touch of colour is labeled as mixed race or black. I guess that is where it becomes challenging for black folks to grasp, the simple fact that this is not across the map this is south Africa, and every race is entitled to their own opinions, and also have the right to define their identity, as they have their own separate political, cultural and economical experiences.
It is important to note that some opinions shared are not reflective of collective views of an entire race or community. It is just honestly astonishing to witness that race is still a deep, painful, major and prevalent issue in South Africa, and how perhaps there needs to be more open dialogues between the two cultures so that perspective is gained, and why we should then understand the coloured community’s silence during the BLM movement.
“Why Do Black People Always Feel The Need To Be Excellent, Why Can’t We Just Be Ourselves?” by Nonhle Matsebula
This is a quote abstracted from one of my favourite films of 2019, Queen and Slim.
It is such a relevant question. I felt it needed to be asked to the Black community at this time of intensification of the Black Lives Matter movement and Buy Black movement. Why are we always thriving towards excellence? What does that even mean? We see this almost everywhere, especially during events that commemorate the performance of black people in one way, shape or form. You hear them say “Black Excellence” or caption their social media posts and statuses using that phrase or hashtag. Is #BlackExcellence a good and necessary concept or does it actually erode the equality we seek?
On the other hand, we are constantly reading reports about how black people have to work twice as hard as their Caucasian counterparts to get recognized, rewarded or promoted. And this is fact all over the world. And this seems to be normalized. Recent Twitter threads by Caucasian managers show that it is a culture that black subordinates are not expected to excel and in fact should not be encouraged or supported to excel.
“Excellence is the best deterrent to racism or sexism.” Oprah Winfrey
So black excellence is a direct response to the inherent racism that black people face in all aspects of corporate or business world and beyond including in sports and the arts. Oprah Winfrey would be the first one to confirm that despite being excellent for decades as the leading talk show host in America with a global brand earning billions of dollars, her excellence has not shielded her from racism even now. I guess it is not too difficult to fathom what it means, black people thriving towards excellence in all that they do, becoming the masters of their crafts and leaders in that specific sector is not expected. But I just can’t help but think there is a negative aspect behind the term ‘black excellence’. I would hate to make a comparison between the black community and other communities because we do not all hold the same historical experience. It would seem only fair that we thrive for excellence after centuries that black communities globally have been suppressed and oppressed. It is only fair that we basically ‘yell’ into their faces that we are, in fact, thriving as a community even though it can be said that they wish we weren’t, considering all the measures that are still taken to ensure that we remain subservient to rest of the world’s communities.
Examples of the hurdles black achievers have to face are countless and can be downright discouraging. Look at Simone Biles, the American gymnast who has won more athletic awards than Usain Bolt and the likes, constantly has to face criticism because she is a black and female athlete. The same way that Serena Williams does too. So is ‘Black Excellence’ an even higher standard than excellence? To be black and excellent means we have to overcome so many more hurdles and challenges to achieve excellence, so we are doubly excellent? I believe so. Black excellence is a higher standard and should be celebrated until the playing field all over the world is such that all peoples have equal opportunity. But it is also exhausting!
But is there a negative side to this? A friend of mine who completely abhors affirmative action, who hates Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and does not understand #BlackExcellence asks why do we feel the need to inform the rest of the world that we are more than what they expected of us, that we are doing just as great as everyone else when they have been winning for years and centuries at our expense? There just seems to be some kind of approval and validation that we need from everyone else. Why can’t we just know that we are excellent, it almost comes across as if at some moment in our journey we doubted that we are great? Excellence and greatness should be inherent in us all. For example, a successful businessman or woman simply knows that she is the greatest, a humble sense of pride, she is the G.O.A.T in her craft. It’s a deep, innate and confident feeling that she has, and she experiences it on a daily. Others know she is great because her work speaks for itself. She doesn’t need anyone else validating this, she is doing her best and sharing her best with her clients. We thrive so hard to be excellent, but how excellent are we if it’s only a fraction of our community that is doing excellent things? The problem with the idea of ‘excellence’ altogether is that it is very competitive with a very narrow funnel allowing very few to qualify as excellent, it is not one through which the majority can feel that their best is enough. It is one that celebrates and normalizes that in life there ‘winners and losers’ I doubt that we would wave the excellent term around so commonly if this were a standard thing amongst everyone in our community, because we would just be right.
It’s as if we are always on a quest to prove the world wrong and how satisfying is that? Believing that all our lives, all that we do is to make a point, why can’t we just be ourselves, do our thing, excellent or not? How gratifying is it to have to always announce #BlackExcellence? I mean heck the Jewish don’t do it, and we know the Jews run most of the global economy, they aren’t out there punting #JewishExcellence, no one else does it, and they are excellent. It’s not to say that we should only do what other communities do, no, we should go about things our own way, but just not in a way that renders the majority of our community as ‘losers’.
I guess I’m a bit wary of the fact that it may put children of the black community under unnecessary pressure, constantly thriving for excellence, to feel like they matter only when recognized by others. There are all kinds of psychological and mental health problems that arise with the pursuit of external validation. Does it mean that if you are not labeled as excellent that you are mediocre or perhaps disappointing to the community? Does it mean that your work is insignificant, if they do not deem it as excellent? That should not be the case.
Something about #BlackExcellence connotes acceptance and normalizes that the world and we ourselves as black people, consider people of African descent as less than. I really wish there was another or term we used to celebrate our progress. My argument is not a denial of the fact that people of African descent all over the world have to work twice as hard to earn what others earn, and that we don’t have equal access to opportunities that others have. Yes, we should thrive for greater heights all the time, but we do not have to do so at the cost of seeking external approval for our right to be seen as enough as we are. It’s a mentality that we should have with us at all times, we are great whether somebody chooses to recognize it or not. I am enough, I am great, period.