Only in South Africa has there been dialogue going back and forth regarding the contribution, or lack thereof, of coloured people during the recent Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement. Race is still a very important factor in South Africa. The race conversation is usually a black and white issue, although in South Africa, black includes Indians and Coloureds, the race issue always seems to be Africans and Caucasians. Africans, Indians and Coloureds hardly share views, including on the race issue, this became obvious on social media platforms during the BLM protests.
The BLM movement was first formed in 2013 by founders Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi and Patrisse Cullors, which was described as a network that was which an online platform that came to being to provide activists with a shared set of goals and principles. It is an American born network that has globally shared ideologies as the organization’s platform is described as “A Vision for Black Lives: Policy Demands for Black Power, Freedom and Justice”. It is fixed with six demands one of them being bringing an end to the war on black people. It has become a global movement over the years but is primarily based in the United States of America.
Truthfully, the war on black lives is an ongoing war experienced in all communities of the world where there are black people. It is challenging to imagine that such a war would also exist in African countries, but it does. The war on black bodies is not only limited to physical violence but to all social, political and economic aspects and opportunities, black people all over the world experience systemic and normalized exclusion. On the African continent, the war on black people would have to be defined differently, as it is mostly a war on black people, mostly by other black people, like in the case of xenophobia/afrophobia and our governments. However, the backdrop of this situation in Africa is the colonial structure and beliefs that still inform African politics and economics.
There is no doubt that even in societies like South Africa, where the majority of cops are black, brutality by government officials on black bodies exists, it exists more so between individuals. In the first month of the lockdown in South Africa, at least 11 black men were killed by police or the army. Unfortunately the outrage only manifested on social media platforms, there were no mass protests nor much of a response by government on the issue. Just as I am writing up this article, a news headline just popped up claiming that over 21 300 murders have occurred in South Africa between April 2019 and March 2020. The BLM movement does not necessarily focus on black on black crimes, although the media will claim that there are more black people killing one another than the police killing black people. The issue underlying BLM is the socio-economic conditions created by a racist political system that informs the experiences of black lives.
So George Floyd happened, and the black community ‘lost it’! George Floyd wasn’t a rare case, he was a statistic that accumulates daily in America. The difference is that his brutal death at the knee of a white police man was captured on video and spread through the media, perhaps because there was deafening noise about the way he was killed. Protests emerged over several metro cities in the United States, and the media took cover.
Floyd’s death sparked protests and advocacy for black lives uniting all peoples from all races in the US, as well as other cities across the globe, even during the time when many countries had restrictions due to the COVID19 pandemic. South Africa and Black Twitter were not silent either, and we witnessed most of the world engage in the #blackouttuesday social media protest.
In retrospect, an interesting aspect of the race issue in South Africa emerged. Many black South Africans took to social media about the lack of support during that period that came from the Coloured community. We need to bear in mind that most Coloured people in South Africa do not identify as black, for their own historical and political reasons and experiences, and the black community just needs to accept that. In the South African reality, we are two complete separate races, and this is based on the idea that although black people claim to not have any racial exclusions or ideas of separatism with the coloured community, the coloured community feels like they do, especially when it comes to political matters.
On social media platforms there was tension between the two, as black people argued that the Coloured community deliberately isolates itself when it comes to matters pertaining to race, whereas in other parts of the world, Coloured or mixed race people would be deemed as black. The argument is always that Coloured people seem to think that they are superior to black folks, claiming to be African but not black. The origin of that claim is too complex to be discussed here.
So it kicked off with a social media post from a black female, claiming that the silence of Coloured people during #blacklivesmatter was betrayal, and sure we’ve seen some posts from others claiming the silence during a protest means that you are siding with the oppressors, this goes for anyone. However, the Coloured community came flooding in to defend their community:
1 – It was highlighted that first of all, black South Africans needed to stop thinking that they were America, and that the BLM protests was an American initiative. The Coloured community came in numbers arguing that black people in South Africa were always in a position of privilege in this country, and therefore cannot share the same sentiments as black people in America who are a minority.
I can’t say I agree, in fact not at all, but my opinion is not the issue here, I am just reporting as it happened on social media.
2 – Secondly, the xenophobia/afrophobia argument came up., that black people are ‘racist’ against other black people. SOME black South Africans are always opinionated when it comes to foreign African nationals and their contribution to the South African economy. In most instances it is never in favour or in positive light, especially when they demand that these foreigners return back to their own countries. There are often random splurges of violence against foreign nationals by black people, mostly black people from impoverished communities, who feel as if their opportunities for work have been taken away because of the presence of African nationals. Some cry because of the social ills practiced by some foreign nationals in South Africa, claiming that these social ills are ruining the future generation, hence the on and off of xenophobic events.
I thought this was a valid point, one we need to ponder as black South Africans. How do we point a finger at the Coloured community but not look at how we treat fellow Africans?
3 – Thirdly, it was argued that Coloured people, together with the Indian community, are labeled as black under the South Africa constitution, however they are always sidelined when companies are adhering to BEE stipulations and rules. They continued to argue that black people only call on the Coloured community to join forces with them when it is convenient for them but are openly excluded in instances that could largely benefit black people. There were claims that were shared amongst SOME Coloured folks stating that they are too white to be black and too black to be white and as a result you will never hear of Coloured Lives Matter. It’s all such an interesting argument because if you look across the global map everything with a touch of colour is labeled as mixed race or black. I guess that is where it becomes challenging for black folks to grasp, the simple fact that this is not across the map this is south Africa, and every race is entitled to their own opinions, and also have the right to define their identity, as they have their own separate political, cultural and economical experiences.
It is important to note that some opinions shared are not reflective of collective views of an entire race or community. It is just honestly astonishing to witness that race is still a deep, painful, major and prevalent issue in South Africa, and how perhaps there needs to be more open dialogues between the two cultures so that perspective is gained, and why we should then understand the coloured community’s silence during the BLM movement.
“Why Do Black People Always Feel The Need To Be Excellent, Why Can’t We Just Be Ourselves?” by Nonhle Matsebula
This is a quote abstracted from one of my favourite films of 2019, Queen and Slim.
It is such a relevant question. I felt it needed to be asked to the Black community at this time of intensification of the Black Lives Matter movement and Buy Black movement. Why are we always thriving towards excellence? What does that even mean? We see this almost everywhere, especially during events that commemorate the performance of black people in one way, shape or form. You hear them say “Black Excellence” or caption their social media posts and statuses using that phrase or hashtag. Is #BlackExcellence a good and necessary concept or does it actually erode the equality we seek?
On the other hand, we are constantly reading reports about how black people have to work twice as hard as their Caucasian counterparts to get recognized, rewarded or promoted. And this is fact all over the world. And this seems to be normalized. Recent Twitter threads by Caucasian managers show that it is a culture that black subordinates are not expected to excel and in fact should not be encouraged or supported to excel.
“Excellence is the best deterrent to racism or sexism.” Oprah Winfrey
So black excellence is a direct response to the inherent racism that black people face in all aspects of corporate or business world and beyond including in sports and the arts. Oprah Winfrey would be the first one to confirm that despite being excellent for decades as the leading talk show host in America with a global brand earning billions of dollars, her excellence has not shielded her from racism even now. I guess it is not too difficult to fathom what it means, black people thriving towards excellence in all that they do, becoming the masters of their crafts and leaders in that specific sector is not expected. But I just can’t help but think there is a negative aspect behind the term ‘black excellence’. I would hate to make a comparison between the black community and other communities because we do not all hold the same historical experience. It would seem only fair that we thrive for excellence after centuries that black communities globally have been suppressed and oppressed. It is only fair that we basically ‘yell’ into their faces that we are, in fact, thriving as a community even though it can be said that they wish we weren’t, considering all the measures that are still taken to ensure that we remain subservient to rest of the world’s communities.
Examples of the hurdles black achievers have to face are countless and can be downright discouraging. Look at Simone Biles, the American gymnast who has won more athletic awards than Usain Bolt and the likes, constantly has to face criticism because she is a black and female athlete. The same way that Serena Williams does too. So is ‘Black Excellence’ an even higher standard than excellence? To be black and excellent means we have to overcome so many more hurdles and challenges to achieve excellence, so we are doubly excellent? I believe so. Black excellence is a higher standard and should be celebrated until the playing field all over the world is such that all peoples have equal opportunity. But it is also exhausting!
But is there a negative side to this? A friend of mine who completely abhors affirmative action, who hates Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and does not understand #BlackExcellence asks why do we feel the need to inform the rest of the world that we are more than what they expected of us, that we are doing just as great as everyone else when they have been winning for years and centuries at our expense? There just seems to be some kind of approval and validation that we need from everyone else. Why can’t we just know that we are excellent, it almost comes across as if at some moment in our journey we doubted that we are great? Excellence and greatness should be inherent in us all. For example, a successful businessman or woman simply knows that she is the greatest, a humble sense of pride, she is the G.O.A.T in her craft. It’s a deep, innate and confident feeling that she has, and she experiences it on a daily. Others know she is great because her work speaks for itself. She doesn’t need anyone else validating this, she is doing her best and sharing her best with her clients. We thrive so hard to be excellent, but how excellent are we if it’s only a fraction of our community that is doing excellent things? The problem with the idea of ‘excellence’ altogether is that it is very competitive with a very narrow funnel allowing very few to qualify as excellent, it is not one through which the majority can feel that their best is enough. It is one that celebrates and normalizes that in life there ‘winners and losers’ I doubt that we would wave the excellent term around so commonly if this were a standard thing amongst everyone in our community, because we would just be right.
It’s as if we are always on a quest to prove the world wrong and how satisfying is that? Believing that all our lives, all that we do is to make a point, why can’t we just be ourselves, do our thing, excellent or not? How gratifying is it to have to always announce #BlackExcellence? I mean heck the Jewish don’t do it, and we know the Jews run most of the global economy, they aren’t out there punting #JewishExcellence, no one else does it, and they are excellent. It’s not to say that we should only do what other communities do, no, we should go about things our own way, but just not in a way that renders the majority of our community as ‘losers’.
I guess I’m a bit wary of the fact that it may put children of the black community under unnecessary pressure, constantly thriving for excellence, to feel like they matter only when recognized by others. There are all kinds of psychological and mental health problems that arise with the pursuit of external validation. Does it mean that if you are not labeled as excellent that you are mediocre or perhaps disappointing to the community? Does it mean that your work is insignificant, if they do not deem it as excellent? That should not be the case.
Something about #BlackExcellence connotes acceptance and normalizes that the world and we ourselves as black people, consider people of African descent as less than. I really wish there was another or term we used to celebrate our progress. My argument is not a denial of the fact that people of African descent all over the world have to work twice as hard to earn what others earn, and that we don’t have equal access to opportunities that others have. Yes, we should thrive for greater heights all the time, but we do not have to do so at the cost of seeking external approval for our right to be seen as enough as we are. It’s a mentality that we should have with us at all times, we are great whether somebody chooses to recognize it or not. I am enough, I am great, period.
In a recent tweet at the beginning of July, Kanye West announced that he would be running for president of the United States. Many people showed him messages of support and encouragement. With the election only four months away, West still needs to register with the Federal Election Commission, present a campaign platform, collect enough signatures to get on the November ballot, and more. He has already missed the deadline to file as an independent candidate in many states. It’s also important to note that this is not the first time Kanye West has teased the idea of running for US president. It is neither questioned nor asked whether Mr. West has the correct qualifications for the presidency. I hate to admit that I don’t think it would be the same if South Africa had to announce there would be a female running for president regardless of whether or not she had all the necessary qualifications and skills. And I mention South African specifically because it’s also important to discuss this in the context of our country, however, I do speak for all African countries with male presidents.
Female presidency is not a foreign thing either, I just think we need to make it more common than it is now. If you did not already know below are some interesting highlights of female presidents in Africa.
The first female President in Africa was Slyvie Kiningi. She was the Prime Minister of Burundi from February 10, 1993 to October 7, 1994. A big girl boss shout goes to Slyvie Kiningi, a female whom I strongly believe started this revolutionary change for women. Being recognised as the first female President in Africa.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is Africa’s first elected President who served two consecutive terms after winning the 2005 and 2011 Presidential elections. She was President of Liberia, January 2006 – January 2018.
Rose Francine Rogombe served as interim President of Gabon from June 2009 to October 2009 after the death of President of Omar Bongo.
Agnes Monique Ohsan Bellepeau was the Acting President of Mauritius from March 31, 2012 – July 21, 2012.
Joyce Hilda Banda served as President of Malawi from April 7, 2012 to May 31, 2014 following the death of President Bingu wa Mutharika.
Catherine Samba Panza was the Acting Head of State of the Central African Republic from 2014 to 2016.
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim was the first female President of Mauritius from 2015 to 2018. She was selected to be a Presidential candidate in 2014 following the resignation of then-President Kailash Purryag.
The two most interesting and notable ones are:
Ivy Matsepe-Cassaburi also served temporarily as the acting President of South Africa when the President and his vice were out of the country for four days in September of 2005. Although she died in April 2009. Dr. Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri left with us an unbelievable female power. One which definitely goes down in the history books.
• I believe that since the opportunity was once given it is something that should continue for a period longer than 4 days.
• I would also like to applaud this huge achievement, and this was a big step for women’s power and equality.
Sahle-Work Zewde is the first elected female President of Ethiopia and currently the only female out of the 54 Presidents in Africa.
• This is such a proud moment for females in Africa, as Sahle-Work Zewde is currently the only female president in Africa. This woman power and she making boss moves.
• A round of applause for the queen. I feel so proud to know that such an amazing possibility exists in Africa.
It is also important to note that female presidents around the world who are making intense boss moves especially through their Covid-19 strategies. Countries such as New Zealand, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, Iceland Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir, and Finland Prime Minister Sanna Marin just to name a few. The moves they have been making during this pandemic is definitely a conversation worth discussing and these women have not gone unnoticed.
It is also important to discuss this context in terms of our country and the times we are currently in. Everyone may have different views and opinions but if we had the opportunity and I would recommend Lindiwe Nonceba Sisulu and Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma.
What are your thoughts? Who do you think would make a great female president in South Africa?
The LGBTQIA+ community is important. Their voice should be heard and should be protected. South Africa is one of the most accommodating countries in Africa, however, there is still a long way to go. Anza Thiba (@anzathiba), Mpho Koloko (@fruity_jay) and Salmaan Jacobs aka Sally (@werqsally) had a discussion on what needs to change in South Africa for the community to be accepted fully rather than tolerated. This podcast is a must listen, it will definitely shed light on many important factors on the queer community.
After a period of continued struggle and oppression, there comes a time when enough is enough. The mind, body, and spirit simply will not be capable of taking any more pain. For Mohamed Bouazizi, a Tunisian street vendor, this moment came on the 17th of December 2010. Bouazizi doused himself with a flammable petroleum liquid, lit a match and set himself on fire. He had been pushed to this point of desperation by the seizing of his vegetable stand by police because he did not have in his possession a valid permit. This sparked the Tunisian Revolution but more importantly, it led to the Arab Spring, a series of pro-democracy uprisings across the Middle East.
One of the countries to be directly affected by this revolution was Yemen. Yemen is one of the most poverty-stricken Arab countries in the world. In anticipation of the rolling Arab Spring protests, Yemen seemed to be ahead of the curve in terms of change. The president at that time was Ali Abdullah Saleh who was an authoritarian leader who had been in charge of the country for almost thirty years. With the Arab Spring almost at their doorstep, Yemen as a country decided to have a political transition. This was only to be the source of their problems.
Long-time President Ali Abdullah Saleh was removed and replaced by his deputy, Abrabbuh Mansour Hadi. This was a peaceful transition that was meant to create a sense of peace and stability in Yemen. All is well that ends well, so they thought. This was simply not the case for Yemen and its leader, Hadi. He faced a number of problems that included jihadist attacks, a separatist movement in the south of the country, the continued loyalty of security personnel to former leader Saleh as well as the corruption, unemployment and food insecurity of the average person on the ground. Perception means a lot in politics and all the aforementioned factors made Hadi look like an indecisive, weak leader. This created ripe conditions for ambitious opportunists.
The Houthi movement took advantage of the new president’s apparent weakness. The Houthi is a movement formerly known as Ansar Allah. This movement champions Yemen’s Zaidi Shia, which is a Muslim minority in the country. The Houthis took control of the northern areas of the country including the province of Saada and other neighbouring areas. The transition from Saleh to Hadi left many ordinary Yemenis disillusioned, so they joined the Houthis in their rebellion. This also included Sunni Muslims. Sunni and Shia Muslims generally do not get along. In late 2014, early 2015 the rebels gradually took over the capital Sana. The Houthis and security forces loyal to Saleh saw this as a sign that they could take over the entire country. This forced President Hadi to flee the country.
Saudi Arabia was alarmed by the rise of a group they believed had military backing from regional Shia power, Iran. Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states in the region began air campaigns against the Houthis. At the beginning of this campaign, Saudi Arabia and the other Arab states believed that it would only last a few weeks. This was in 2015, today in 2020 the conflict continues. The civil war is still raging with complicated relationships existing between the parties involved in the war. The most unfortunate part of all this is the fact that a country has been destroyed along with the lives and livelihood of its people. At the moment it is not known exactly how many people have been killed during the conflict. It is estimated that about 100 000 people have been killed in the conflict, this includes 12 000 civilians. The conflict has brought normal life to a stop so activities such as agriculture and trade do not function as they used to, in most instances, they have actually ground to a halt. This means that the population of Yemen are not getting food as they should be. Food security is close to non-existent in the country. It is estimated that 85 000 people have died from famine. It is said by the UN that more than 24 million people in Yemen are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. This includes more than 12 million children. It is estimated that around 2 million children under 5 years of age are suffering from malnutrition and require immediate treatment.
The sudden appearance of Covid-19 on the world stage added salt to an open wound. The country has been bombed and has very poor sanitation and provision of water. This has created a dire situation in an emergency. The damage to hospitals has led to their closure, disrupting health services amongst other things.
The situation in Yemen found its genesis within the country. But sooner rather than later, a myriad of parties became involved in the conflict. This includes outside parties such as Saudi Arabia. More significantly one clearly sees the hand of the Western powers, the United States of America, and the United Kingdom providing weapons that are being used in the conflict. This is a repetition of these superpowers meddling and involving themselves in the issues of sovereign territory. Most times these countries see themselves as protectors of democracy and innocent people too but in the end, they just add to the misery, chaos, and death in these countries. It should also be highlighted that countries such as the United States of America profit from these conflicts by selling weapons and military equipment.
The situation in Yemen is dire, it deserves more of the world’s attention. The lack of widespread media coverage on the conflict further highlights that some regions, countries, and people are not as valued as others. This is unbecoming in the year 2020. As human beings, we need to do more to draw attention to the Yemeni people’s plight.
It is also important to highlight that as with every war, the females and children are bearing the brunt of the war. The UN estimates that 76% of the internally displaced persons are women and children and an estimated 3 million girls are at risk of gender based violence. 21% of households are now headed by girls below the age of 18 years. Women are now having to carry the double burden of being providers of their homes, amongst other roles played by men, as well as play their roles of primary caregivers in families. This is because most men have either been killed, injured or disappeared.
Whilst women are most heavily impacted by the war, they are under represented in politics, in 2013 only 0.7% of Member of the Yemeni Parliament were women. Yemen has been ranked last in the World Economic Forum\s Global Gender Gap Index for 13 consecutive years. Yemen has always been a deeply patriarchal society with very strictly defined gender roles and obtuse gender inequality. Whilst the protracted war and the need for women to now play dual roles that step outside of the rigidly defined gender roles has given women insight into what life could be if the heavy hood of patriarchy were to be lifted, and could be an opportunity for equalising gender inequality; the other side of it is that men have become more violent “literature has shown that in societies with rigid gender norms, men feel emasculated and threatened when they experience a shift in gender roles, which can lead to an increase in intimate partner violence.”