Determining your skin type is the foundation of skin health for the long term. Skin is the biggest organ and needs special care in terms of products we use and what we eat. Once you have established your skin type, you can select the correct products and treatments. Incorrect products and treatments can aggravate existing conditions or cause irritation and sensitivity. When you have melanated skin, skin with melanin, you want to avoid causing irritations because melanin skin scars quickly and for longer. There are four skin types – normal, oily,dry and combination skin.
The normal skin type is one that isn’t common – especially amongst adults. The best way to describe it is a healthy and hydrated skin type.
- The pores are refined, almost invisible to the naked eye which means sebum (oil produced by oil glands in the skin) isn’t over active.
- With the sebum production under control, blemishes such as acne, black heads and whiteheads are generally not a concern.
- This type tends to appear radiant and youthful.
It is important to maintain your skin with some key skincare products even if imperfections are minimal. Moisturizers to maintain hydration, sunscreen to protect against ultraviolet damage as well as exfoliators and cleansers to remove debris and main the natural cell turnover.
Oily skin is due to over active sebum production which leaves skin oily and greasy throughout the day.
- This skin type will have visibly enlarged pores which not only produce the sebum but are also responsible for congestion.
- Black heads and whiteheads clog the pores and acne is a common concern for this skin type.
- Active acne can cause other conditions such as acne scarring, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (due the inflammation from the acne).
- Using a cleanser that deeply cleanses without stripping the skin’s barrier is essential.
- Look out for ingredients such as salicylic acid which, is oil soluble and helps to decongest oily congested skin and benzoyl peroxide which, has anti-bacterial properties which will help reduce acne causing bacteria.
Oily skin may be genetic, caused by hormones due to puberty or pregnancy.
Moisturizing skin is important as the oil does not hydrate the skin. Your skin needs both water and oil, sebum does not account for that hydration. Skipping a moisturizer on an only skin may actually cause an overproduction of sebum as your skin tries to compensate for the lack of hydration.
Lightweight moisturizers with ingredients such as hyaluronic acid are available for oily skin.
Dry skin has no oil production and appears dull and “tired”. The pores of this skin are barely visible and the dull appearance may be caused by the layer of dead skin sitting on the surface of the skin.
- Dry skin may be caused by genetics, environmental factors such as ultraviolet exposure, pollutants and wind as well as ageing – oil/lipid production may diminish with age.
- Incorrect use of skincare products such as exfoliators may also cause dryness.
- Dry skin can be managed by using humectants such as hyaluronic acid, glycerine, lipids and ceramides. These could all come in a heavier cream consistency or serum.
- Keeping the skin nourished and hydrated should always be the aim when you have dry skin to prevent sensitivities such as redness, rashes, flaking, peeling and contact dermatitis.
A combination skin type is one we see very often in the salon space. This skin type presents itself with characters of two skin types eg. Oily t-zone and normal or dry u-zone.
- Environmental factors may also affect this skin type, you may fine that your oily t-zone is less shiny in winter and your u zone goes from normal to dry.
- Hydration is still essential with this skin type irrespective of the composition.
- Target treatment may also be necessary e.g. you may need to apply a salicylic acid based serum on the oily t-zone to manage the oil production and congestion which you wouldn’t use on your dry u-zone.
A successful skin care routine and treatment journey can only happen once skin type is established. Irrespective of your skin type, don’t forget to keep hydrated and protected with SPF!
The time that most of us dread and very few of us enjoy has finally hit our hemisphere, winter. There are very few things to enjoy about this weather really; early nights spent mostly indoors, dry skin, chapped lips that sometimes crack, often dry and ashy elbows, the list is endless. But like most things designed by our mother nature, everything has an equally recurring opposite.
Fortunately for us, there are several developed methods that one can adopt to assist in taking the best care of our skin as seasons reach an inevitable change. Part of these methods may be used to focus on our facial regimen. Just like most parts of a woman’s body, adopting a regimen for any part of our body is helpful for creating a much needed and helpful routine, that match the season and the impact that comes along with it.
Our focus during this cold and harsh season should be on being active and consistent with hydrating our skin as much and as often as possible. Unlike summer, colder weather actually strips the body of its natural moisture, which means the doubling on moisturizing is required to keep your skin in its natural moisturized and hydrated state. In most parts of South Africa during winter, we experience direct shine from the sun with clear skies but cooler winds and temperatures. In the Western and some parts of the Southern regions of the country that experience a Mediterranean climate, conditions are cold, rainy, and windy. However, taking care of our skin and adopting a weather-adjusted regimen should be a priority to both conditions.
How to keep your face glowing during the winter season:
- Wash your face: winter is no different to summer when it comes to cleansing your face at least twice a day. But for different reasons, we wash our face purely because water (warm) opens up our pores and softens the skin. The skin easily absorbs and product that is applied after this process. A cleansing foam wash (Cetaphil) works well with winter; it’s mild and gentle on the skin, retaining some of your natural moisture. There’s an acne- prone range as well.
- Switch up your moisturizing products or habits: as mentioned you need to double up on moisturizing, especially if you are going to be headed outdoors. It is essential to use a product that will help retain moisture. A thicker or heavy face cream is suitable. However, if you suffer from acne-prone skin you might want to consider purchasing a matting crème first like Skinoren, then apply your moisturizer after it has matted your face.
- Sunscreen of 50 SPF: the winter sun is as harsh as the sun can get. It’s unforgiving and can cause a lot of damage to one’s skin. Direct contact with the sun should be avoided and sunscreen should be worn all the time. Simply mix this with your moisturizing crème and you’re good to go!
- Take advantage of that face mask: face masks never disappoint, they are great for throughout the year. Picking a face mask that works for the season could really enhance your glow. For example, it is advised to refrain from using masks that leave the skin feeling dry or stretched. Use masks that contain serums. Also DIY masks are useful. An example of these are:
- 2 tbsp of honey + 1 tsp of cinnamon (for clearing acne)
- 2 tbsp of Greek or plain yoghurt + 1 tbsp of oatmeal (for a deep pore cleanse)
- 2 tbsp of aloe vera gel + 1 tsp of turmeric (for oily skin)
- 1 tbsp of coconut oil + ¼ of turmeric (for healthy skin).
- 5. Drink that water: hydration is key for excellent looking skin. It gets harder to consuming water during winter, but even waking up to a cup of lukewarm water and lemon is an amazing treat for your skin. But water assists in replenishing your skin, keeping it youthful.
- 6. Exercise your body: training during this weather helps your body circulate blood. The circulation of blood is essential as it gives your skin oxygen. Your skin needs oxygen in as much as it needs sweat to give it that extra ounce of glow and softness. Training indoors is just as efficient as training outdoors, just make sure to break a sweat. Your body needs it!
Check out our next article on easy home-friendly ways to break a sweat for more!
- 7. Lastly don’t forget to eat right: consume foods that are extra nutritious, green, and that hydrate, especially if you struggle with consuming enough water. Fruits are a great scapegoat way of eating your water; such fruits include watermelon and grapes. Add more food with fiber to your diet for those essential vitamins!
Repeat this daily and weekly (face masks) and you’re all set for a glowing, healthy-looking winter face!
MADE PERFECTLY FOR A GIRLBOSS
SERIES TITLE: SELF MADE: INSPIRED BY THE LIFE OF MADAM C. J. WALKER
DATE OF RELEASE: 20 MARCH
CAST: OCTAVIA SPENCER, TIFFANY HADDISH, BLAIR UNDERWOOD CARMEN EJOGO
EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS: LEBRON JAMES, MAVERICK CARTER, JANINE SHEMAN BARROIS
GIRLBOSS RATING: 9/10
“… Don’t sit down and wait for the opportunities to come. Get up and make them…” Those are one of the wisest words a strong woman can ever say on her way to success. From an American web television series that has premiered on Netflix this year in March, inspired by the life of the one and only Madam C.J Walker comes a beautiful definition of what women empowerment is.
Octavia Spencer, who is a recipient of several accolades including a Golden Globe Award stars as the trailblazing American haircare entrepreneur who is well known as America’s first female self-made millionaire. Her name is Sarah Walker. This Netflix series mainly sticks to Sarah Walker’s adult life. It focuses on her struggles as a black woman in a white world. Her hair started to fall out and that had a negative impact on her confidence and to make matters worse, she lived with her abusive husband. And yet had to live her life known as a “hand washer”.
Although Sarah was facing all these challenges and all seemed impossible, Addie Munroe (Carmen Ejogo) who was said to be “beautiful” as she was lighter in complexion, came about and helped pick her up. Addie was an entrepreneur who developed hair products for people of colour. As the series continues to explore more into Sarah’s life, I realized that she and Addie started to not get along as Sarah started her own hair company. As I watched the series it seemed like competition developed between these two beautiful women as if there was not enough space for both of them to succeed in the beauty industry.
Sadly, there are only a few movies that portray women working together to achieve a common goal but luckily this series was able to cover that within 4 episodes. The women came together and helped Sarah raise funds to build a factory just after many male business owners did not want to endorse a beauty-based business idea.
It all worked out to a great purpose when Madam’s prayers got answered and her business started taking off. Here is to women empowerment. A young person like myself watching this series helps me get into the mindset that no matter what women go through daily, whether its rape, abuse or any day to day struggle, the day they decide that it is enough and actually come together as one, no soul can ever change their minds. This is what this Netflix series taught me, that with perseverance and patience, prosperity comes as a given. I would suggest that you make it a must to watch, mainly to all the young individuals out there who are going through difficult times and nothing seems to work out. The ones who have to stay strong for everyone and last but not least, the ones who want to make a change.
To begin with…
I am not here to convince anyone of anything.
I am not trying to change your Faith or disturb your belief system.
I simply want to pass on some information that I have come across that I know to be true and have seen the effects, and I think you have too.
This is how I myself have made sense of it.
My intentions for the reader are to take from this what sits right with you.
To do as much research as you can on your own into this subject, and I urge you to research.
And to have even more Faith and Trust in a Higher Power that somehow it is all being worked out. With the Corona Virus I think we are experiencing what we may have thought belonged to the movies, but there is so much more going. So much more that affects us and makes us sick, limiting our potential to live full, free lives made of our own free will.
We have all heard the terms 1G 2G 3G 4G and most recently 5G.
But do we know what this actually means? Do you know how it all affects you?
1G refers to the first generation mobile communications (wireless telephone technology), which was introduced in 1979.
Each generation is defined as a telephone network standard.
1G is an analog technology and the phones at that time generally had poor battery life and poor voice quality.
Until being replaced by 2G (2nd generation) digital communications in 1991.
The main motive of this 2G generation was to provide a secure and reliable communication channel.
2G capabilities are achieved by allowing multiple users on a single channel via multiplexing, which is a method by which multiple signals are combined into one signal over a shared medium and transmitted over that channel.
2G Cellular phones are used for data along with voice.
The advance in technology from 1G to 2G introduced many of the services that we still use today, such as SMS, MMS and international roaming.
3G generation was introduced commercially in 2001 and set the standards for the wireless technology we have today such as web browsing, email, video downloading, picture sharing and other Smart phone technology.
3G has Multimedia support services universal access and portability across different devices such as cellphones, Telephones and computers.
4G is a very different technology compared to 3G.
It provides high speed, high quality and high capacity whilst improving security and lowering the cost of voice and data services, multimedia and Internet.
Current applications include mobile web access, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing etc.
Having said all that, one would think 5G was a new improved method of using our phones and technology.
So what is 5G? What are its capabilities? What can it really do?
So…your phone is the ‘platform’ you operate from (android)…and the network is the pipe…Apple and Google dominate this…mobile platform.
iPhones (which first operated on 3G then to 4G) have hardware and software… Software that is tightly integrated… Closed…walled system… With encrypted data so the information stays private to the user. So on your iPhone, your data remains your own.
You also have a ‘cloud’ service, which is not encrypted…but your individual device is private and secure.
And encrypted so not just any ‘service’ provider from anywhere can take information from your device.
5G…has NO privacy or security! 5G network is harnessed through EVERY technological device there is.
From walking out onto the street and being monitored via street cameras…
To all the current advancements in technology…
Every single move and step you take…is monitored from All around you…
This is already a reality in China, in Wuhan actually. Wuhan is one of the first cities in the world to be blanketed in 5G.
Currently you cannot walk anywhere in the cities of China without your every single move being monitored and recorded.
What you ordered from a restaurant…who you messaged… Facial recognition from multiple public cameras…
You will no longer need your phone, which was the platform you had to have for 4G. You can walk outside and speak to the ‘air’ and say the word “taxi”
and a camera and microphone picks up what you have said then the taxi arrives, which also has a camera that recognises you as the person who called for that taxi. Sounds like a movie right?
You can go into a restaurant and order food and this camera will recognise your face and you will be called by your name to collect your order.
You will no longer need your phone the platform is the Network itself.
When 5G is on we are within the platform as if we are within a device.
Its giving out a high-speed current all of the time that covers everything. Not just being ‘picked up’ by your phone, TV or computer.
In a 1G to 4G world you can decide NOT to be a part of it by simply not buying a phone.
In 5G you cannot opt out.
You are within it with or without a phone or other devices.
The device is built around the city.
The organisation who is running that network is in control of all the data.
And in China that organisation is the government.
There are billions of cameras and every single person is being monitored.
But that’s not All I have been looking at.
The electromagnetic radiation used by all mobile phone technologies has led some people to worry about increased health risks, including developing certain types of cancer.
Research and testing on animals has proven that this radiation is harmful to cells and causes tumors in the animals that have been exposed, but the World Health Organisation says “this doesn’t mean its harmful to humans”.
So they test cosmetics on animals to test their safety for humans.
But for some reason it doesn’t count when testing safety for radiation poisoning in humans? There are reports around the world where birds and other animals were seen falling from the sky and die when 5G was switched on.
And to be absolutely exact the world’s largest 5G network was launched by the three largest Chinese network operators on Oct 31, 2019.
Now let’s have a look at when the first person was diagnosed of this novel Corona virus.
A 55-year-old individual from Hubei province in China may have been the first person to have contracted COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel corona virus that is currently spreading across the globe.
That case dates back to Nov. 17, 2019, according to the South Morning China Post.
That’s more than a month earlier than doctors noted cases in Wuhan, China, which is in Hubei province, at the end of December 2019.
That is a couple WEEKS after 5G came online.
I then started coming across information that shows that as 5G was installed in multiple locations, and people are getting sick.
Maps of corona virus updates are disturbingly familiar to 5G installations, and don’t just ‘believe’ me…look it up for YourSelf.
I cannot quite claim that there is No virus.
But what I can say…is perhaps the harm these waves have done to the people exposed to 5G has stimulated or activated dormant bacteria and viruses that we already have in our bodies.
And that perhaps Corona is one of them?
The latest on corona is that it is more harmful to some than other viruses.
Specifically those who are immuno-compromised, which is defined as having a weakened or impaired immune system (through illness, drugs or malnutrition),
which then reduces your ability to fight off any infections and diseases including COVID-19.
There is much more I may say as to WHY this is happening and perhaps there are other motives behind it.
Such as how radiation harms cells and can weaken immune system function.
But for now I will stop here.
This is already a lot for anyone to digest.
For your easy reference, you can start off your research from this link and you will many others from which to inform yourself on how 5G will affect you, not just physically and your health, but also your freedom.
By Chiedza Dafi
Summer Summer Summer Time! Summer has been here for a hot minute now and fun times are being had. We’ve been and will continue to be out and about in the blazing sun (thanks to global warming, it just seems to be getting hotter every year). But, should we be worried about our hair? What impact does the sun’s heat have on our hair? What safety precautions do you need? Who would’ve thought summer and enjoying the sun would affect hair?… it does though.
According to ‘Live Science’ Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is “electromagnetic radiation or lighting having a wavelength greater than 100nm but less than 400nm. UV radiation is present in sunlight and contributes to about 10% of the total electromagnetic radiation output from the sun”. Wow, sounds intense and it can be intense on your hair especially if you live in the scorching hot areas such as the Mpumalanga or Limpopo provinces. The same way you have to protect your skin from the sun, you also need to do so for your hair.
Too much sun can damage your hair in different ways. The sun has the ability to destruct pigmentation of the hair, this is due to UV induced oxidation of melanin in the cortex. In order words, the sun will change the color of your hair as if the sun was hitting a metal substance. Therefore, basically cause a rust effect. How about the bold queens who dye their hair? Unfortunately, the ingredients in hair dye are more prone to breaking down, therefore, your hair color will definitely change. To make matters worse, UV radiation can lead to dry and brittle hair and we all know dry and brittle hair leads to breakage, split ends and damages your cuticle (which can, therefore, also change your hair porosity). The reason why the damage takes place is because radiation splits/separates the molecular bonds and, therefore, damages the cortex and cuticle. At the end of the day, hair is hair whether it is relaxed or natural, short or long, you have to take all these factors into consideration and protect it.
The best way to protect your hair from sun damage is to use products which contain sunscreen. Sounds unusual right? I’m also learning something new by doing all this research. So, I guess sunscreen isn’t just for your skin. It is said that, some sunscreen filled products also have UV absorbers. This means your hair colour whether dyed or not won’t be affected.
UV absorbers are:
Therefore, look out for products with the ingredients listed above because some sun protection hair sprays are expensive, therefore, your approach to this has to be smart. Besides that, you don’t want to wear a hat or cap the whole of summer! Now imagine that?
Here are some products to be on the lookout for:
This product goes for R36.48 and is available at Clicks. It protects hair from breakage, it softens and nourishes it. Aloe Vera oil and marula filled with Vitamin E and Keratin.
You can use the BALMAIN Sun Protection Spray, it will shield and repair your hair as it is enriched with UVA and UVB filters. This is R545 at:
“Use as a delicious deep treatment to soothe your scalp and stimulate follicles, naturally encouraging healthy hair and revitalising the scalps condition. Superb for head massage and protecting against sun, salt water and chlorine.” This is R85.